Capacity-Constrained Network Performance Model for Urban Rail Systems

TitleCapacity-Constrained Network Performance Model for Urban Rail Systems
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsBaichuan Mo, Zhenliang Ma, Haris Koutsopoulos, Jinhua Zhao
JournalTransportation Research Record

This paper proposes a general Network Performance Model (NPM) for urban rail systems performance monitoring using smart card data. NPM is a schedule-based network loading model with strict capacity constraints and boarding priorities. It distributes passengers over the network given origin-destination (OD) demand, operations, route choice, and effective train capacity. A Bayesian simulation-based optimization method for calibrating the effective train capacity is introduced, which explicitly recognizes that capacity may be different at different stations depending on congestion levels. Case studies with data from the Mass Transit Railway (MTR) network in Hong Kong are used to validate the model and illustrate its applicability. NPM is validated using left behind survey data and exit passenger flow extracted from smart card data. The use of NPM for performance monitoring is demonstrated by analyzing the spatial-temporal crowding patterns in the system and evaluating dispatching strategies.