|Title||Shaping Rapidly Growing Chinese Cities: Lessons in the Behavioural Impacts of Transport Finance Choices|
|Publication Type||Book Chapter|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Jinhua Zhao, David Block-Schachter|
|Editor||Elliott Sclar, Måns Lönnroth, Christian Wolmar|
|Book Title||Improving Urban Access: New Approaches to Funding Transport Investment|
The need to finance urban access to meet mobility needs in both the developed and developing worlds in a sustainable fashion is undeniable. However, the way the money is raised has an impact on travel and location behavior. This chapter focuses on how accessibility can bridge the gap between land-based financing and mobility-based financing.
After examining the theoretical effects of pricing on accessibility, we focus on two Chinese examples. The first case emphasizes the diversity of vehicle ownership policies in Chinese cities that indirectly influence location choice and urban form via car ownership and travel behaviour. The second focuses on land sales that have a direct influence from finance to urban form in terms of the pace and location of the development, and speculates on the influence on accessibility. The data used to examine the impacts of these policies on the distribution of accessibility between migrants and residents, rich and poor, and car owners and non-car owners is important.