|Behavioral Impact of the Financing Collection Mechanism on Accessibility: Two Cases from Chinese Cities.
|Year of Publication
|Jinhua Zhao, David Block-Schachter
|Type of Work
|Accessibility, Chinese cities, Financial collection mechanism, Land sale financing, License auction, Vehicle ownership management
The need to finance urban access to meet the mobility needs of the developed and developingworld in a sustainable fashion is undeniable. But that collection in turn is sure to impact traveland location behavior. This work focuses on the impacts of the financing collection mechanismon accessibility as a means to bridge the gap between land-based financing and mobility-based financing.After examining the theoretical effects of pricing on accessibility, we focus on two Chinese cases. The first case emphasizes the emerging diversity of vehicle ownership policies in Chinese cities that indirectly influence location choice and urban form via car ownership and travel behavior, and is based on first-hand data and empirical behavior. The second case focuses on land sales that have a direct influence from finance to urban form in terms of the pace and location ofthe development, and speculates on the influence on accessibility. Of importance is the data we bring to bear to examine the impacts of these policies on the distribution of accessibility between migrants and residents, rich and poor, and car owners and non-car owners. China’s extraordinary growth provides an ample canvas upon which to study the effect of financial mechanisms on accessibility.